This year’s measurements took some twists and turns as NOAA’s ozonesondes launched from the South Pole encountered somewhat surprising layers of higher ozone in the main depletion region, while simultaneously aligning with lower ozone above and below the 14-21km depletion region. (Reminder: the 14-21km layer is the primary region for ozone depletion.) That resulted in… Read More

By Patrick Cullis, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory scientist Each year in September, as the Sun returns to the sky above the South Pole after six months of darkness, a chemical reaction happens high in our atmosphere when human activity combines with natural phenomena to destroy part of our protective ozone layer. In the last episode… Read More

By Patrick Cullis, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory scientist In Part 3 of this animated series, Casper and Peggy head to the very bottom of the Earth to visit the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, where scientists from NOAA’s Global Monitoring Laboratory take critical measurements of our atmosphere far from the effects of human activity. Join them… Read More

By Patrick Cullis, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory scientist  There were two more ozonesondes flown from the South Pole over the long weekend and both measured significantly more ozone, as it looks like the vortex is closing up and warmer air is mixing in over Antarctica.  On the October 9 ozone plot (above left), the red… Read More

By Bryan Johnson, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory scientist  During September, NOAA’s South Pole balloon-borne ozonesondes showed a typical, rapid decline in ozone. Total column ozone dropped to 127 Dobson Units on September 27, a 53 percent loss compared to the August 10 profile measuring 272 Dobson Units.   The annual ozone hole begins when the rising… Read More

By Irina Petropavlovskikh, CIRES and NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory scientist   The 2023 Antarctic ozone hole is taking shape as we move into this year’s ozone depletion season. Stratospheric temperatures are staying cold (similar to temperatures at this time in 2022). The sun is rising quickly (since the September 21-22 equinox) and activating chlorine, which initiates… Read More

Faint light from the sun is visible on the horizon at the South Pole, across a vast stretch of snow with a row of flags across the forefront.

‘First bit of orange glow’ greets NOAA crew at South Pole By Karin Vergoth, Communications specialist at NOAA’s Global Monitoring Laboratory and the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at CU Boulder After six months of darkness, the return of the sun at the South Pole signals the arrival of spring in the Southern… Read More